First migration of Gowdas took place from "Igoor Seeme" of present Manjirabad, Sakleshpura in Hassana District through the cart road of "Koodu rasthe" of Bhisle Ghati via Kulkunda Subrahamanya under the able leadership and chieftains of "Koojugodu Kattemane" who settled in Ainekki. This group carried a "Sannadhu"(Licence) and Niroopane (Proclamation or a Decree) from Sringeri Matha and Ikkeri Royalty which instructed the erstwhile chieftains - Banals to hand over the control of Temples and Lands to Gowdas.
Equipped with "Sannadhu" (Licence), Niroopane (Proclamation) from Guru Matha and Aramane (Ikkeri Kings) Gowdas terrorised Ballals, the vassal rulers of Ikkeri Nayakas, and forcibly took control of lands and Temples.
Here, it is imperative to state that the first Chieftain deputed by lkkeri Nayakas was Thimma Nayaka, under whose leadership the Gowda clan landed in Dakshina Kannada, was a follower of Lingayath faith. He was blood related to lkkeri Nayakas' Royalty. He was native of "Kenchammana Hoskote". He subsequently settled in Harihara Pallathadka and married a Gowda lady of the same clan — from Kajjodi Gowda family who were settled in nearby Kollamogru. His family came to be known as "Koojugodu Kattemane family". Koojugodu family name is the derivative of lady's family from which Thimmanayaka Married. Minima
Nayaka had two sons from a Gowda lady of Kajjodi family from Kollamogru whom he had married. Subsequently they intermarried with Gowda families and became (convened to Gowdas. Koojugodu Kattemane family, to this day, are belonging to "Nayeru Bali (Gothra)". They worship Kenchamma of Hoskote as their family deity.
At this time Harihara, Balagodu, Ainekki, Kollamogru etc. areas were ruled by a Ballala who was living in Rathnapura of Balgodu and he was in control of Harihareshwara Temple. He was of loose character and womaniser. He was not liked by the people at large. The priest of the Harihareshwara temple had an illicit affair with Ballala's Sister Ballalthi and having come to know of this, Ballala murdered the priest. Consequently, Ballalthi committed suicide and Ballala had no heirs as they followed matrilineal succession.
Balugodu, Rathnapuri Ballala was nurturing enmity against .4 Thimma Nayaka family who had snatched land belonging to 111 him. Once, two sons of Thimma Nayaka had gone over to their 41 maternal house at Kollamogru where, a grand Market was being held and precious materials like gold, precious stones, Diamonds, pearls were traded. - Even to this day, precious stones are illegally mined from the adjoining forest. Ballala of Balagodu laid a plan to exterminate two sons of Thimma Nayaka on their return from Kollamogru. However, the two young men got scent of Ballala's plan and therefore, came prepared with swords, Sticks made out of thorny "Karkotaka Tree" etc., weapons and confronted Ballala and his men. On seeing the Young men and their group well equipped and in good strength Ballal's men retreated and Ballala hid himself in the Garbha Gudi (Sanctum sanctorium) of Hari Hareshwara temple. Thus the sanctity of temple was lost. The Young men did not follow Ballala and returned to their Beedu (residence). Peace prevailed for some time but, the grouse and enuoty remained! Later, Koojugodu Kattemane Gurikaras (chieftains), invited Ballala ruler during the Temple festival for a game °I "Ambugai" and in the process hit Ballala with the coconut on the head killing Ballala instantaneously. (Ambugai was a game where in Temple Poojari will hold a coconut, smeared with smashed Plaintain and oil (In order to be slippery) high among the crowd. There will be a competition among the groups of devoties to snatch and smash the same on the Mahadwara (entrance) of the Temple. Whichever group succeed in this endeavour are the winners). That is how rule of Ballals in Subrahamanya seeme like Subrahamany, Harihara Pallathadka, Kollamogru, Ainekki and Balgodu came to an end and migrant Gowdas attained supremacy and became the Jameendhars directly under the rule of Ikkeri Nayakas. Leftover Baal Clan, Bunts and Jains moved over to Moodabidre and Karkala areas. Some of them intermixed with Gowdas and came to be belonging to "Gundanna Bali".
Later, there was some misunderstanding between the two brothers — sons of Thimmanayaka - in handling the issue of confrontation with Ballala. The two brothers stood in the Sangama of Rivers adjoining Harihareshwara Temple and took oath against each other and declared that they will have no relationship with other in the future. They followed two cranes flying in different directions and settled in places where the cranes sat (It is a well established fact that wherever the cranes settles those places are ideal for cultivation). Thus two families viz Kattemane and Koojugodu came to existence, though belonging to same linage, lived independently and separately without connection with each other (no Soothaka) to this day. Both the families belong to Nayeru Bali (Gothra) who were originally Lingayaths linage and later became Gowdas through intermarriages. (Ref. Dr. Chandrashekar Kiribhaga - Managing Trustee of Harihareshwara Temple,Harihara Pallatadka).
Koojugodu Kattemane Sri Dharmapala Gowda Sic) of former Koojugodu Kattemane Gowda: Late Sri Shanthappa Gowda has provided Copies of various documents, proclamations, and produced the Brass "Bille" - Mohan,' (Plaque) issued from Sringeri Mutt of which pictures are attached.
( This chapter is taken from book Pursuit Of Our Roots by Puttur Anantharaja Gowda. Book contains whole history of Gowdas and their culture. To get a copy of this book by post contact: 8073913336. Price Rs.230-00)